Microsoft released Windows Server 2008 (Win2K8 or W2K8) in February 2008 with new and improved features. Win2K8 is the server operating system which is the successor to Win server 2003. Besides, its codename was longhorn server. Windows server 2008 shares the same architecture of Windows Vista since it was developed from the same code base. However, W2K8 brought many new features for the server desktop such as virtualization with Hyper-V, and failover clustering etc.
One of the new best feature that Windows Server 2008 brought was self-healing NTFS which protect your volume without having to run chkdsk.exe. This notable feature correct corruptions in NTFS file system online if it finds any error. Furthermore, the operating system characterized S.M.A.R.T. technique which detect a failure of a hard disk.
Virtualization with Hyper-V
Windows Server 2008 was the first Windows server operating system to introduce Hyper-V. It enables you to work in a virtualized server environment with the help of Hyper-V hypervisor-based technology which creates multiple virtual machines in a single hardware. This virtualization makes better utilization of hardware resources as well as improves efficiency.
Drive Encryption with BitLocker
BitLocker feature was first introduced in Windows Vista, Windows server 2008 came up with the encryption feature available to volumes. This security feature protects your entire volume as well as data stored in a volume. In order to install BitLocker, select it from server manager or open command prompt and type ServerManagerCmd -install BitLocker –restart.
Introduced Server Core
Server core feature was first introduced by Windows Server 2008 which provides minimal server installation. There is no Windows Explorer, all work is done in command-line. Besides, it is easy to manage and require less disk space as well as memory. However, Win Server 2008's server core doesn't provide .NET Framework, PowerShell and Internet Explorer.
Windows Server 2008 Enterprise and Windows Server 2008 Datacenter editions provides failover clustering which is an improvement over server cluster of Windows server 2003. The main purpose of failover clustering is to increase availability of applications and services so that if any server (node) fails then users can access their applications from another server in the network. In addition, it provides more secure and stable clusters.
There are many issues encountered by Windows Server 2008 such as operating system stops responding, applications become unresponsive, or sometimes users cannot log on to the remote desktop. These problems can occur due to virus infection or it may indicate hard disk is failing. In such circumstances, data can be lost, deleted, or corrupt. To recover lost, corrupt data of Windows Server 2008, one can go for a software known as Windows data recovery.